Mitchel's account of the Repeal campaign, the Famine and the 1848 Rising, which originally appeared in Mitchel's Tennessee-based newspaper, The Southern Citizen, in 1858. Mitchel was a significant and controversial figure. Last Conquest, originally written as a riposte to American Nativist hostility to Famine immigrants, is well known in Famine debates for its claim that the Famine was a deliberate act of genocide by the British government.
JOHN MITCHEL (1815-75) was born in Dungiven, Co. Derry, the son of a Presbyterian minister. He qualified as a solicitor, joined Young Ireland and was later a Fenian. He was transported to Van Diemen's Land in 1848, escaped and travelled to America, where he worked as a journalist, championing the southern states in the civil war. He was the central ideologue of nineteenth-century Irish separatism; shortly before his death he was elected MP for Tipperary. Patrick Maume is a researcher with the Dictionary of Irish Biography