Joan of Arc is an unusual saint. Canonized in 1920 as a virgin, she died in 1431 as a condemned heretic. Uneducated, militant and youthful, she obeyed "Voices" that counselled her to pursue an unprecedented vocation. The various trial records provide a wealth of evidence about how Joan and others understood her spiritual life. This collection explores multiple facets of Joan's prayerful life. Two thirds of the essays focus on Joan in her own time; the later chapters study Joan's formative influence upon modern women. Taken together, these essays offer new perspectives on the heroism of Joan's original way of sanctity.
ANN W. ASTELL earned her doctorate at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1987. Professor of English at Purdue University, she is the author of numerous books and articles on medieval literature and spirituality. - BONNIE WHEELER directs the Medieval Studies Program at Southern Methodist University. She writes and teaches about medieval literatures and culture, and she is the editor of the journal Arthuriana. She is series editor of The New Middle Ages Series, in which this volume appears, and for which she recently edited Listening to Heloise: The Voice of a Twelfth-Century Woman (2000) and co-edited Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady (New York: Palgrave, 2003).