First of two part history and travel book on Ludlow Massacre and the life of the Italian immigrants in Southeastern Colorado in the early 20th c. Story is filled with joy and terrible tragedy related to the life of the miners in Ludlow, Colorado. The author compares American immigration with that of South Africa. Biography of two friends of the author whose aunt lost all of her children in the Ludlow Massacre. The importance of immigrants in the history of the United States is the central theme of the the two books. How an immigrant becomes an American, the angst and redemption of immigration, is the story told in these two volumes. Having survived the Ludlow massacre, miners had to go back into the mines where over a 127 miners died three years later having survived the massacre. Many unanswered questions still linger over the Ludlow Massacre. The author tours the battlefield and the world of the miners of which all remnants of their lives have now disappeared.