This volume presents the ideas of major figures in economics throughout history on key environmental issues such as population growth, resource scarcity and environmental contamination. Discussion begins with the early days, the Roman Empire, mercantilists, physiocrats, liberals and Adam Smith and progresses to explore the views of Ricardo, Socialism, market environmentalism and the Interventionist School. Throughout, the historical roots of current debates are explored, with empirical case studies illustrating the link between theory and practice. The final chapters look at current ideas on sustainability, and ethical and spiritual dimensions of humanity's relationship with the environment. Providing fascinating insight into the development of environmental economic thought throughout history, this volume will be of great interest to students and researchers in the history of economic thought and environmental economics.