This book deals with the scientific viewpoint, which is illustrated here through a number of topical cases in modern science, from gravitational waves to mental disorders to social policies. The scientific perspective involves rationality, realism, and reism - the thesis that the universe is composed of concrete things like atoms, force fields, people, and social organizations. The book shows that the scientific worldview underlies all current scientific and technological research projects. It also claims that any subject involving knowledge can be approached scientifically, and contends that the scientific viewpoint can trump both dogma and improvisation - the standbys of amateurs and demagogues.
Mario Bunge holds a doctorate in Physico-mathematical Sciences, as well as 22 honorary doctorates, and has been a Professor of Theoretical Physics or Philosophy at the universities of Buenos Aires, La Plata, Pennsylvania, Temple, and Delaware, as well as a Visiting Professor in Brazilian, Danish, German, Italian, Mexican and Swiss universities. He is a recipient of the Prince of Asturias prize, as well as Guggenheim, Alexander von Humboldt, and Killam fellowships. He is a member of several learned societies, including the Academia Argentina de Ciencias, Institut International de Philosophie, and the Royal Society of Canada. He founded the philosophical journal Minerva, the Society for Exact Philosophy, the Universidad Obrera Argentina, and associations for the philosophy of science in Argentina, Mexico, and Uruguay. Bunge is the author of more than 500 papers and 74 books, including Causality (1959), Foundations of Physics (1967), the nine-volume Treatise on Basic Philosophy (1974-89), The Mind-Body Problem (1980), Finding Philosophy in Social Science (1996), Social Science Under Debate (1998), and Medical Philosophy (2013), among others. His work has been translated into a dozen languages, including Arabic, Chinese, Farsi, Hungarian, Japanese, and Russian.