The study of the solid part of the earth on which structures are to be built is an essential part of the training of a civil engineer. Without an in-depth understanding of rock properties, formation processes, and weathering characteristics, it is impossible to build safely and with confidence: no amount of elegant superstructure design will help if the foundations collapse into a limestone cavern or old mine working. The second edition of this well established book provides a readable and highly illustrated overview of the main facets of geology for engineers. Each topic is presented as a double-page spread with a careful mix of text, tables and diagrams. Comprehensively updated, and with four new sections, Foundations of Engineering Geology covers the entire spectrum of topics of interest to both student and practitioner. Appendices provide useful reference material of parameters such as bearing strength of soils and rocks, and load factors.
Table of Contents
Geology and civil engineering. Igneous rocks. Surface processes. Sedimentary rocks. Metamorphic rocks. Geological structures. Geological maps and sections. Geological map interpretation. Plate tectonics. Boundary hazards. Rocks of Britain. Rocks of the United States. Weathering and soils. Floodplains and alluvium. Glacial deposits. Climatic variants. Coastal processes. Groundwater. Ground investigation. Desk study. Ground investigation boreholes. Geophysical surveys. Assessment of difficult ground. Rock strength. Rock mass strength. Soil strength. Ground subsidence. Subsidence on clays. Subsidence on limestone. Subsidence over old mines. Mining subsidence. Slope failure and landslides. Water in landslides. Soil failures and flowslides. Landslide hazards. Slope stabilization. Understanding ground conditions. Rock excavation. Tunnels in rock. Stone and aggregate. Appendices: Rock mass quality Q System. Abbreviations and notation. Further reading. Index.