Urbanisation refers to a process in which an increasing proportion of an entire population lives in cities and the suburbs of cities. Historically, it has been closely connected with industrialisation. When more and more inanimate sources of energy were used to enhance human productivity (industrialisation), surpluses increased in both agriculture and industry. Larger and larger proportions of a population could live in cities. Economic forces were such that cities became the ideal places to locate factories and their workers. As the 21st century heats up the rate, pace and complications posed by urbanisation continue unabated. This new book presents the latest research in the field.