The image of a Pharaoh smiting the enemies of Egypt is a recurring one, appearing for the first time around 3100 BC and continuing until the time when Egypt was a province of Rome, ruled by Roman Emperors. Unification of the country under the first Pharaoh was probably achieved by force and by the time of the New Kingdom, around 1400 BC, Egypt ruled a huge Empire, won and sustained by regular military campaigns. This book draws together in one volume the history and description of weapons and warfare and the military activities of the Pharaohs, from the earliest dynastic times until the Roman period. It will appeal to the increasing numbers of people who have been captivated by this fascinating country, from those whose interest in the subject is new to those who are more knowledgeable. The book is illustrated with images of Egypt and also from museums throughout the world. It begins by identifying the friends and foes of the Ancient Egyptians and then takes the reader through the wide range of weapons used, showing how they developed over time and how foreign innovations such as the use of horses and chariots were eagerly adopted and adapted.
Subsequent chapters look at the life and training of a new recruit, the structure of the army, what soldiers did when they were not on campaigns and the realities and dangers of a soldier's life. The final chapters look at fortifications and the art of siege warfare, and at the series of campaigns of the Pharaohs, from the Predynastic Period to the time of the Romans. The major campaigns of the great Warrior Pharaohs of the New Kingdom, such as Thutmose III and Ramesses II are covered in more detail. The book can also be read as an introduction to the history of the country and gives a glimpse into the successes and failures of the Pharaohs as military commanders.
The author lectures for the Centre for Continuing Education at the University of Manchester and to Egyptological Societies around the United Kingdom. He is Chairman of the Manchester Ancient Egypt Society, is on the Committee of the Northern Branch of the Egypt Exploration Society and runs the Ancient Egypt Picture Library. His previous titles include Faces of Pharaohs: Royal Mummies and Coffins from Ancient Thebes and Transport in Ancient Egypt. He has contributed many articles on a range of topics to various Egyptological magazines.