Through this book the reader gains unique insights into how the international anti-corruption campaign and development discourse play out more broadly in a local context in Latin America. Building on post-development approaches, the book explores anti-corruption discourses in Paraguay and Chile and convincingly shows that corruption is not a neutral concept. It reveals that the international and transnational anti-corruption discourse is dominant in both countries: most narratives suggest measures similar to its recommendations. But its local appropriations can deviate considerably in content and be used for competing political agendas (e.g. to dismantle elite power structures or promote privatization of public commodities). As such, processes of local embedding of international discourse offer a great deal of potential for further emancipation from the blue-print oriented development paradigm.