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Factors Influencing Parents' Decision on Their Children's Vaccination Against Seasonal Influenza

A Systematic Review



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Factors Influencing Parents' Decision on Their Children's Vaccination Against Seasonal Influenza by Yue Meng
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This dissertation, "Factors Influencing Parents' Decision on Their Children's Vaccination Against Seasonal Influenza: a Systematic Review" by Yue, Meng, 孟玥, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Introduction: Seasonal influenza is believed to be a common attribution of morbidity and mortality in the children population, and it causes huge disease burden worldwide. Although seasonal influenza vaccination is recommended as the most effective prevention by the World Health Organization and vaccination programs for children have been introduced in many countries, vaccination coverage remains low. Parents are primary decision makers for their children's immunization, therefore it is important to understand the determinants that influence parents' decision-making to provide important information for promoting vaccination uptake against seasonal influenza among children.Objective: To synthesize factors that influence parental decision on children's vaccination against seasonal influenza from published literature. Method: Literature reported factors that influenced parental decision on children's vaccination against seasonal influenza published before/on 31th May, 2013 were searched in PubMed and Web of Science databases. Manual searching was also performed for the citations of the retrieved papers. Both qualitative and quantitative articles consistent with the objective were searched from PubMed and Web of Science databases on 31th May, 2013. Records were screened in the sequence of title, abstract and full text to identify eligible studies, and references of eligible studies were also scrutinized to avoid missing important articles. Influencing factors were extracted from included papers, and the identified factors that influenced parental decision making were then discussed based on theoretical behavioral models. Results: Totally 32 articles met the inclusion criteria. Factors associated with parental decision included demographic factors, which consisted of parental and children's age, parental gender, ethnicity, household income, residence, insurance status, family characters, parental education level, and children's health history; psychological factors, including attitudes towards influenza vaccination, knowledge of influenza and vaccination, perceived risk of seasonal influenza, and emotional factors; past behaviors comprising previous frequency of using health care services, children's seasonal influenza vaccination history, previous absenteeism from school or work, social norm referring cues to action and subjective norms; and environmental factors, meaning access to vaccination facilities. Discussion: An integrated framework based on the Health Belief Model, Triandis' Theory of Interpersonal Behavior and the Theory of Reasoned Action was constructed to explain the findings. The framework proposes that the parents' intention to vaccinate their children against seasonal influenza is influenced by demographic variables, attitude towards seasonal influenza vaccination, knowledge and perception of influenza/influenza vaccine, social norms (cues to action and subjective norms), emotion, and past behavior/experience; easy access to vaccination providers as a facilitating condition additionally determine the possibility of turning intention into actual behavior. Interventions such as providing positive knowledge relevant to seasonal influenza vaccination, targeting less intended and more influential decision-makers, ensuring sufficient access to vaccination, and creating action cues may be implemented to promote uptake of seasonal influ
Release date NZ
January 26th, 2017
Created by
Country of Publication
United States
colour illustrations
Open Dissertation Press
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