Ethernet is a core networking technology used by every high tech business. While the basic protocols have changed little, new options such as Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet have increased the complexity of the topic. This guide includes everything needed to set up and maintain an Ethernet network and covers the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet standard and its protocols. The book is logically separated into five parts: "Introduction to Ethernet" provides a tour of basic Ethernet theory and operation, including a description of Ethernet frames, operation of the Media Access Control (MAC) protocol, full-duplex mode and auto-negotiation; "Ethernet Media Systems" shows how to build media-specific Ethernet networks, from a basic 10BASE-T Ethernet offering 10 Mbps over twisted-pair cables, to an advanced 1000BASE-X Gigabit Ethernet, providing up to 1 Gbps of data transfer over fiber optic cables; "Building Your Ethernet System" teaches how to build twisted-pair and fiber optic media segments, as well as how to build Ethernet using repeaters and hubs; "Performance and Troubleshooting" is divided into two chapters.
The first describes both the performance of a given Ethernet channel, as well as the performance of the entire network system. The second includes a tutorial on troubleshooting techniques and describes the kinds of problems network administrators are likely to encounter. The last part of the book includes a complete glossary of terms used throughout the book, a resource list, descriptions of thick and thin coax-based Ethernet systems, a guide to AUI equipment installation and configuration, and a listing of troubleshooting numbers.
Table of Contents
Preface I. Introduction to Ethernet 1. The Evolution of Ethernet History of Ethernet The Latest Ethernet Standard Organization of IEEE Standards Levels of Compliance IEEE Identifiers Reinventing Ethernet Multi-Gigabit Ethernet. 2. The Ethernet System Four Basic Elements of Ethernet Ethernet Hardware Network Protocols and Ethernet. 3. The Media Access Control Protocol The Ethernet Frame Media Access Control Rules Essential Media System Timing Collision Detection and Backoff Gigabit Ethernet Half-Duplex Operation Collision Domain Ethernet Channel Capture High-level Protocols and the Ethernet Frame. 4. Full-Duplex Ethernet Operation of Full-Duplex Ethernet Flow Control. 5. Auto-Negotiation Development of Auto-Negotiation Basic Concepts of Auto-Negotiation Auto-Negotiation Signaling Auto-Negotiation Operation Parallel Detection Management Interface 1000BASE-X Auto-Negotiation II. Ethernet Media Systems. 6. Ethernet Media Fundamentals Attachment Unit Interface Medium-Independent Interface Gigabit Medium-Independent Interface Ethernet Signal Encoding Ethernet Network Interface Card. 7. Twisted-Pair Media System (10BASE-T) 10BASE-T Signaling Components 10BASE-T Media Components 10BASE-T Configuration Guidelines. 8. Fiber Optic Media System (10BASE-F) Old and New Fiber Link Segments 10BASE-FL Signaling Components 10BASE-FL Media Components Connecting a Station to 10BASE-FL Ethernet 10BASE-FL Configuration Guidelines. 9. Fast Ethernet Twisted-Pair Media System (100BASE-TX) 100BASE-TX Signaling Components 100BASE-TX Media Components Connecting a Station to 100BASE-TX Ethernet 100BASE-TX Configuration Guidelines 10. Fast Ethernet Fiber Optic Media System (100BASE-FX) 100BASE-FX Signaling Components 100BASE-FX Media Components Connecting a Station to 100BASE-FX Ethernet 100BASE-FX Configuration Guidelines. 11. Gigabit Ethernet Twisted-PairMedia System (1000BASE-T) 1000BASE-T Signaling Components 1000BASE-T Signal Encoding 1000BASE-T Media Components Connecting a Station to 1000BASE-T Ethernet 1000BASE-T Configuration Guidelines. 12. Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Optic Media System (1000BASE-X) 1000BASE-X Signaling Components 1000BASE-X Signal Encoding 1000BASE-X Media Components 1000BASE-SX and 1000BASE-LX Media Components 1000BASE-CX Media Components 1000BASE-SX and 1000BASE-LX Configuration Guidelines. 13. Multi-Segment Configuration Guidelines Scope of the Configuration Guidelines Network Documentation Collision Domain Model 1 Configuration Guidelines for 10 Mbps Model 2 Configuration Guidelines for 10 Mbps Model 1 Configuration Guidelines for Fast Ethernet Model 2 Configuration Guidelines for Fast Ethernet Model 1 Configuration Guidelines for Gigabit Ethernet Model 2 Configuration Guidelines for Gigabit Ethernet Sample Network Configurations III. Building Your Ethernet System. 14. Structured Cabling Structured Cabling Systems TIA/EIA Cabling Standards Twisted-Pair Categories Ethernet and the Category System Horizontal Cabling New Twisted-Pair Standards Identifying the Cables Documenting the Cable System Building the Cabling System. 15. Twisted-Pair Cables and Connectors Category 5 Horizontal Cable Segment Eight-Position (RJ-45-Style) Jack Four-Pair Wiring Schemes Modular Patch Panel Work Area Outlet Twisted-Pair Patch Cables Building a Twisted-Pair Patch Cable Ethernet Signal Crossover Twisted-Pair Ethernet and Telephone Signals. 16. Fiber Optic Cables and Connectors Fiber Optic Cable 10BASE-FL Fiber Optic Characteristics 100BASE-FX Fiber Optic Characteristics 1000BASE-X Fiber Optic Characteristics. 17. Ethernet Repeater Hubs Collision Domain Basic Repeater Operation Repeater Buying Guide 10 Mbps Repeaters 100 Mbps Repeaters 1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet Repeater Repeater Management Repeater Port Statistics. 18. Ethernet Switching Hubs Brief Tutorial on Ethernet Bridging Advantages of Switching Hubs Switching Hub Performance Issues Advanced Features of Switching Hubs Network Design Issues with Switches IV. Performance and Troubleshooting. 19. Ethernet Performance Performance of an Ethernet Channel Measuring Ethernet Performance Network Performance and the User Network Design for Best Performance. 20. Troubleshooting Reliable Network Design Network Documentation The Troubleshooting Model Fault Detection Fault Isolation Troubleshooting Twisted-Pair Systems Troubleshooting Fiber Optic Systems Data Link Troubleshooting Network Layer Troubleshooting V. Appendixes A. Resources B. Thick and Thin Coaxial Media Systems C. AUI Equipment: Installation and Configuration Glossary Index
Charles E. Spurgeon is the senior network architect at the University of Texas at Austin, overseeing a network that supports more than 30,000 computers. He has worked on large campus networks for 20 years, beginning in 1979 when he used to "test" network equipment by using it to read the Science Fiction Lover's Digest over the ARPANET. In the 1980s he helped develop the Stanford University network, which included building a number of prototype Cisco Systems routers and linking them together with Xerox PARC's experimental Ethernet running at 3 Mbps. In 1994, he created what is widely acknowledged as the most comprehensive and popular Ethernet Web site (http://www.bellereti.com/ethernet/ethernet.html). Charles, who attended Wesleyan University, lives in Austin, Texas with his wife, Joann Zimmerman, and their cat Sophie. In his spare time he reads seafaring novels, science fiction, mysteries, and anything else he can find on the shelves of their 4,000 volume home library. This is his third book on Ethernet.