The most comprehensive introduction to environmental ethics available, ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS offers students a current look at the issues and topics that dominate the field today, organized into two main parts that take students seamlessly from theory to application. This Fifth Edition of the Pojmans' popular anthology, like its predecessors, includes numerous topic areas not covered in other anthologies-including an all-new section on Climate Change. Featuring articles carefully selected for clarity and accessibility, the text follows a dialogic pro-con format presenting divergent positions on each topic, ensuring that students are both exposed to and understand both sides of every topic so they can develop their own informed positions. The bulk of royalties for this book are donated to groups dedicated to protecting the environment, such as the Wilderness Society and the Sierra Club.
Table of Contents
Part I: THEORY. 1. Perspectives. 1. Genesis 1?3. 2. Lynn White: The Religious Roots of Our Ecological Crisis. 3. Lewis W. Moncrief: The Cultural Basis of Our Environmental Crisis. 4. Patrick Dobel: The Judeo-Christian Stewardship Attitude to Nature. 5. Karen Warren: The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism. 6. Martin Schonfeld: The Green Kant?Natural Dynamics and Sustainable Policies. 7. Freya Mathews: The Ideological Implications of Atomism. 2. Animal Rights. 8. Immanuel Kant: Rational Beings Alone Have Moral Worth. 9. Holly Wilson: Kant's Treatment of Animals. 10. Peter Singer: A Utilitarian Defense of Animal Liberation. 11. Tom Regan: The Radical Egalitarian Case for Animal Rights. 12. Mary Ann Warren: A Critique of Regan's Rights Theory. 13. Dale Jamieson: Against Zoos. 3. Philosophical Theories of Nature, Biocentric Ethics, Ecocentric Ethics, and Deep Ecology. 14. Holmes Rolston, III: Naturalizing Values: Organisms and Species. 15. Ned Hettinger: Comments on Holmes Rolston's "Naturalizing Values." 16. John Stuart Mill: Nature. 17. Albert Schweitzer: Reverence for Life. 18. Paul Taylor: Biocentric Egalitarianism. 19. Kenneth Goodpaster: On Being Morally Considerable. 20. Aldo Leopold: Ecocentrism: The Land Ethic. 21. J. Baird Callicott: The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic. 22. Ned Hettinger and Bill Throop: Refocusing Ecocentrism: De-emphasizing Stability and Defending Wildness. 23. Michael Nelson: The Great New Wilderness Debate: An Overview. 24. Roger Paden: Two Kinds of Preservationist Ethics. 25. Arne Naess: The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecological Movement. 26. Arne Naess: Ecosophy T: Deep Versus Shallow Ecology. 27. Bill Devall and George Sessions: Deep Ecology. 28. Richard Watson: A Critique of Anti-Anthropocentric Ethics. 29. Murray Bookchin: Social Ecology Versus Deep Ecology. 30. James Sterba: Environmental Justice: Reconciling Anthropocentric and Nonanthropocentric Ethics. 4. Preservation of Species, Nature, and Natural Objects. 31. Donella H. Meadows: Biodiversity: The Key to Saving Life on Earth. 32. Lilly-Marlene Russow: Why Do Species Matter? 33. Martin H. Krieger: What's Wrong with Plastic Trees? 34. Robert Elliot: Faking Nature. 35. Christopher D. Stone: Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects. 5. Non-Western Voices. 36. O. P. Dwivedi: Satyagraha for Conservation: A Hindu View. 37. Lily De Silva: The Buddhist Attitude Towards Nature. 38. Mawil Y. Izzi Deen: Islamic Environmental Ethics, Law, and Society. 39. Segun Ogungbemi: An African Perspective on the Environmental Crisis. 40. Ramachandra Guha: Radical Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique. 6. Obligations to Future Generations. 41. Robert Heilbroner: What Has Posterity Ever Done for Me? 42. Garrett Hardin: Who Cares for Posterity? 43. Martin Golding: Limited Obligations to Future Generations. 44. Derek Parfit: Energy Policy and the Further Future: The Identity Problem. 7. Population and Consumption. 45. Bill McKibben: A Special Moment in History: The Challenge of Overpopulation and Overconsumption. 46. Garrett Hardin: The Tragedy of the Commons. 47. Jacqueline Kasun: The Unjust War against Population. 48. Gary Gardner, Erik Assadourian, and Radhika Sarin: The State of Consumption Today. 49. Hugh LaFollette: Licensing Parents. 50. Clark Wolf: Population and the Environment. 8. Food Ethics. 51. Garrett Hardin: Lifeboat Ethics. 52. William Murdoch and Allan Oaten: Population and Food: A Critique of Lifeboat Ethics. 53. Mylan Engel, Jr.: Hunger, Duty and Ecology: On What We Owe Starving Human Beings. 54. Jonathan Rauch: Can Frankenfood Save the Planet? 55. Mae Ho: Unholy Alliance. 56. Tristram Coffin: The World Food Supply: The Damage Done by Cattle-Raising. 57. Michael Fox: Vegetarianism and Planetary Health. 9. Pollution: General Considerations. 58. Hilary French: You Are What You Breathe. 59. George Bradford: We All Live in Bhopal. 60. William F. Baxter: People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution. 10. Pesticides. 61. Rachel Carson: Silent Spring. 62. David Pimentel: Is Silent Spring Beyond Us? 63. Anne McGinn: Combating Malaria. 64. Dixy Lee Ray and Louis Guzzo: The Blessings of Pesticides. 11. Climate Change. 65. Pew Center on Climate Change: Fact Sheets. 66. Camille Parmesan, Hector Galbraith: Observed Impacts of Global Climate Change in the U.S. 67. Stephan Gardiner: Ethics and Global Climate Change. 12. Economics and the Environment. 68. John Stuart Mill: In Defense of Steady State Economics. 69. William Rees: Sustainable Development: Economic Myths and Global Realities. 70. Herman Daly: Consumption: The Economics of Value Added and the Ethics of Value Distribution. 71. Mark Sagoff: At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic. 72. David Schmidtz: On the Value and Limits of Cost Benefit Analysis. 73. Robert Goodland and George Ledec: Neoclassical Economics and Principles of Sustainable Development. 13. Environmental Justice. 74. Robert Bullard: Overcoming Racism in Environmental Decision Making. 75. The Earth Charter: From Global Ethics to International Law Instrument. 76. Peter S. Wenz: Just Garbage: The Problem of Environmental Racism. 77. Marie Mies: Deceiving the Third World: The Myth of Catching-Up Development. 78. Laura Westra: Environmental Risks, Rights and the Failure of Liberal Democracy: Some Possible Remedies. 14. From Dysfunctional to Sustainable Society. 79. Al Gore: Dysfunctional Civilization. 80. Alan Thein Durning: An Ecological Critique of Global Advertising. 81. Louis P. Pojman: The Challenge of the Future: Private Property, the City, the Globe, and a Sustainable Society. 82. Todd Saunders: Ecology and Community Design. 83. Louis P. Pojman: Sustainable Transportation. 84. Michael Martin: Ecosabotage and Civil Disobedience. 85. James Foreman: Strategic Monkeywrenching. 86. Lester Brown, Christopher Flavin, and Sandra Postel: A Vision of a Sustainable World.