Although there is a plethora of studies on crime and punishment, law enforcement is a relatively new field of serious research. When courts, sentencing, prisons, jails, and other areas of the criminal justice system are studied, often the first point of entry into the system is through police and law enforcement agencies. Unfortunately, understanding of the important issues in law enforcement has little general literature to draw on. Currently available reference works on policing are narrowly focused and sorely out-of-date. To this end, a distinguished roster of authors, representing many years of knowledge and practice in the field, draw on the latest research and methods to delineate, describe, and analyze all areas of law enforcement. This three-volume Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement provides a comprehensive, critical and descriptive examination of all facets of law enforcement on the state and local, federal and national, and international stages. This work is a unique reference source that provides readers with informed discussions on the practice and theory of policing in an historical and contemporary framework.
The volumes treat subjects that are particular to the area of state and local, federal and national, and international policing. Many of the themes and issues of policing cut across disciplinary borders, however, and several entries provide comparative information that places the subject in context.
Key Features / Three volumes cover State and Local, Federal, and International law enforcement / More than 250 contributors have composed over 400 essays on all facets of law enforcement / An editorial board of the leading scholars, researchers, and practitioners in the field of law enforcement / Descriptions of United States Federal Agency law enforcement components / Comprehensive and inclusive coverage, exploring concepts and social and legal patterns within the larger topical concern / Global, multidisciplinary analysis Topics Covered / Agencies, Associations, and Organizations / Civilian//Private Involvement / Communications / Crime Statistics / Culture//Media / Drug Enforcement / Federal Agencies//Organizations / International / Investigation, Techniques / Investigation, Types of / Investigative Commissions / Law and Justice / Legislation//Legal Issues / Military / Minority Issues / Personnel Issues / Police Conduct / Police Procedure / Policing Strategies / Safety & Security / Specialized Law Enforcement Agencies / Tactics / Terrorism / Victims//Witnesses
Since 1995, Larry Sullivan has been the chief library administrator of the criminal justice library at John Jay, one of the senior colleges of The City University of New York. He directs the operations of the largest criminal justice library in the world; teaches graduate courses (e.g. Advanced Criminology, Punishment and Responsibility) and directs Ph.D. dissertations. He has published 5 books as an author, co-author or editor, including The Prison Reform Movement, (Twayne, 1990). He is on the advisory board for the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment and is about to sign with us to be the lead editor for a three volume Encyc. of Law Enforcement. Before coming to John Jay, Adina Schwartz was a federal public defender and, before that, an assistant professor in the Department of Philosophy at Yale University. Her article, "A Systemic Challenge to the Reliability and Admissibility of Firearms and Toolmark Identification," 6 Columbia Science & Technology Law Review 1 (March 28, 2005), has spearheaded challenges to the reliability and admissibility of firearms and toolmark identification, and has been cited by courts and by the National Academy of Sciences in its reports, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States (2009) and Ballistic Imaging (2008). She has served as a defense expert, consulted, and made numerous presentations on the issue. Courts have also cited Professor Schwartz's articles, "Commentary on Nichols R.G., Defending the Scientific Foundations of the Firearms and Tool Mark Identification Discipline: Responding to Recent Challenges, J. Forens. Sci. 2007 May; 52(3): 586-94," Journal of Forensic Sciences 52(6):1414-15 (November 2007); "Homes as Folding Umbrellas: Two Recent Supreme Court Decisions on 'Knock and Announce'," 25 American Journal of Criminal Law 545 (1998); and "A 'Dogma of Empiricism' Revisited: Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and the Need to Resurrect the Philosophical Insight of Frye v. United States," 10 Harvard Journal of Law and Technology:149 (1997). Maria (Maki) Haberfeld is a Professor of Police Science, in the Department of Law, Police Science, and Criminal Justice Administration at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City. She was born in Poland and immigrated to Israel as a teenager. She holds two Bachelor or Art degrees, two Master degrees, and a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice. Prior to coming to John Jay she served in the Israel National Police, and left the force at the rank of Lieutenant. She also worked for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, New York Field Office, as a special consultant. She taught at Yeshiva University and New Jersey City University. Her research interests and publications are in the areas of private and public law enforcement, specifically training, police integrity, and comparative policing (her research involves police departments in the U.S., Eastern and Western Europe, and Israel). She has also done some research in the area of white-collar crime, specifically organizational and individual corruption during the Communist era in Eastern Europe. For about 4 years (1997-2001), she has been a member of the research team, sponsored by the National Institute of Justice, studying police integrity in three major police departments in United States. Currently she is a Principal Investigator of the National Institute of Justice sponsored research project in Poland, where she studies the Polish National Police and its transformation to Community Oriented Policing. Her research in Poland focuses on the balancing act between the public perceptions of the new police reform and rampant accusations of corruption and lack of integrity. One of her publications, a book titled "Critical Issues in Police Training " (2002), is the first academic text, ever published, that covers all the phases and aspects of training of police officers in the United States. She has presented numerous papers, on training related issues, during professional gatherings and conferences, and written a number of articles and book chapters on police training, specifically police leadership, integrity, and stress. In addition, she has been involved in active training of police officers on issues related to multiculturalism, sensitivity, and leadership, as well as technical assistance to a number of police departments in rewriting procedural manuals. She is a member of a number of professional police associations, like the International Association of Chiefs of Police, International Police Association, American Society of Law Enforcement Trainers, and American Society for Industrial Security. Recently she has been involved in coordinating a special training program for the NYPD. She has developed and co-developed a number of courses for this special program and has delivered training to the NYPD supervisors in the area of counter-terrorism policies and leadership. After the WTC disaster she became a member of a special counter-terrorism task force, at John Jay College, working on the establishment of a counter terrorism institute, which will serve as resource data base for local and federal law enforcement agencies. She is also currently involved in the training of the Czech National Police, a project sponsored by the Transparency International Czech Republic.