Is that bichon frise sad because he's getting old, or is he just wondering whether his 'mummy' will ever come back and untie him? Is that Jack Russell happy because he can see his owner in the cafe, or because of the delicious smells wafting out of the doorway? And will that bulldog with the mournful eyes ever be allowed into the butcher's shop?
Dog Waiting collects together pictures of happy, nervous, thoughtful, excited and plain world-weary dogs that all have one thing in common: they've been tied up outside a shop by their owner, and told to wait.
Every picture tells a story, and Dog Waiting is a colourful portrait of the bustle and boredom of city life as seen from a fresh, uniquely canine perspective.
Lisa Vandy is a freelance photographer who lives and works in London. This is her first book.