Few kings deserve more than David I the reputation as `maker' of his kingdom. Although overshadowed in popular memory by his descendant, the later `saviour' of Scotland, Robert Bruce, it was David who laid the foundations of the medieval Scottish monarchy and set in train the changes that created the kingdom that vied with England for mastery of the British Isles. In a reign spanning nearly three decades, David moved his kingdom from the periphery towards the heart of European civilisation.
Richard Oram is Honarary Lecturer in History at the University of Aberdeen and has written extensively on Scottish History. His other books include 'The Kings and Queens of Scotland', Tempus. He is the editor of History Scotland. He lives in Abroath.