CRIME AND PUNISHMENT is a powerful presentation of the scope and history of the American criminal justice system, looking both at how the history of criminal justice has shaped the present system and at today's most critical issues.
Table of Contents
1. FROM CUSTOM TO CODES: CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE ANCIENT WORLD. The Neolithic/Pre-Technological Society. Babylonian Law. Ancient Hebrew Criminal Law. Evolution of Greek Criminal Law. Roman Criminal Law. 2. ENGLISH CRIMINAL JUSTICE ANTECEDENTS. Development of English Law. Norman Conquest (1066) and Continental Influence. Crime Patterns in the 13th and 14th Centuries. Black Death and End of Feudalism. Protestant Reformation. English Constitution and Bill of Rights. 3. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN COLONIAL AMERICA. Martial Law and Virginia. Puritan Mind Set. Geography and Settlement. Pirates and Privateers and the Birth of Organized Crime. General Crimes and Punishment. Roots of American Law Enforcement. Pennsylvania Quakers and Criminal Justice Reformers. Slavery and Indentured Servitude. Punishment. Law and Legal Systems. Courts. 4. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA. The English Criminal Justice System in Transition. Systems in Conflict. Impact of American Revolution on Criminal Justice System. The Walnut Street Jail: Birth of the American Penitentiary. 5. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE NEW NATION. General Setting (1776-1830). Crime in the New Nation. Extraordinary Crime. Impact of Enlightenment. Criminology. Birth of Modern Policing in England. 6. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ANTEBELLUM AMERICA (1830-1855). Politics of the Common Man. Immigration and Ethnicity. Urbanization. Media and "penny press". Subculture of Violence. Capital Punishment Reforms. Law Enforcement Reforms = Modern Policing. Crime in Jacksonian era. Legal System. 7. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE CIVIL WAR ERA (1855-1875). Impact of war on American Culture. Crime in Civil War Era. Sectional Violence and Issues. Aftermath of Civil War. Political Crime. Law and the Legal System. Punishment. Law Enforcement. Crime and the American West. Gunfighters in Myth and Reality. Peace Officers. Transient Towns. Prostitution. Indian Wars and Genocide. Punishment. Law and Legal System. 8. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN VICTORIAN AMERICA AND THE AGE OF REFORM. Rise of Big Business. Rise of Radical Labor and Unions. New Immigration Patterns. Surge in Crime. Robber Barons. Department Stores and Shoplifters. The South and Jim Crow. Labor Violence. Saloon Society, Vice and Gambling. Criminality. Presidential Assassinations. Ethnic and Racial Killings and Riots. Chicago"s Serial Killer: H.H. Holmes. Crime as Pop Culture: Lizzie Borden. Criminology. Law and Legal System. Punishment. Capital Punishment. 9. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE PROGRESSIVE ERA. Rapid Industrialization, Urbanization, and Immigration. Progressive Ideology. Crime. Workers and Radicalism. Vice. Drugs. Crime of the Century: Sacco and Vanzetti. Ethnicity. 1919: Year of Violence. Criminal Justice. Law Enforcement. 10. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE CRISIS DECADES (1920s and 1930s). Conservatism Reemerges. Prosperity and Poverty. Prohibition and the National Crime Crisis. Organized Crime. National Economic Crisis: The Depression. Crime. Public Response. Criminology. Law and Legal System. Punishment. Law Enforcement. 11. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE WAR YEARS (1940s and 1950s). War: "Hot" and "Cold". Communism. Organized Crime. Crime in War Years. Criminology. Police Education. 12. NATIONALIZATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE (1960s and 1970s). Civil Rights Movement. Feminist Movement. Urban Unrest. Antiwar Movement. Youth Rebellion. Birth of a New Academic Discipline: Criminal Justice. Crime. Sensational Crimes. Police Corruption. Disorder. Watergate. Punishment. Law Enforcement. 13. CONTEMPORARY CRIMINAL JUSTICE (1980s and 1990s). Domination of Conservatism and Impact on CJ System. Modern Crime. The Media and Crime Sensationalism. Civil Disorder. Militia Movements and Cults. The Legal System. Law Enforcement. Affirmative Action. 14. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM. Crime Trends. Prisons. Changing Complexion of Organized Crime in America. Drugs. Law Enforcement. Terrorism: The Threat of Biological Weapons/Nuclear Weapons. Environmental Crime. Themes Revisited and the Value of History in Modern Policy.