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A cultural and anthropological interpretation of Mark and Matthew, which examines their contribution to the formation of early Christian identity, world-view and ethos. John Riches studies the notions of sacred space and ethnicity in the Gospel narratives. He shows how early Christian group identity emerged through a dynamic process of reshaping traditional Jewish symbols and motifs associated with descent, kinship and territory. Ideas about descent from Abraham and the return from exile to Mount Zion are interwoven into early Christian traditions about Jesus and in the process substantially reshaped to produce different senses of identity. At the same time, he argues, the Evangelists were attempting to set forth a view of the world in a dialogue with the two opposing cosmologies current in Jewish culture of the time: one, cosmic dualist, the other, forensic. Riches shows how these two very different accounts of the origin and final overcoming of evil both inform Mark and Matthew's narratives and contribute to the richness and ambiguity of the texts and of the communities which sprang up around them.
John Riches is Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism, University of Glasgow.