Non-Fiction Books:

Complementarity, Catalysts, Compliance

The International Criminal Court in Uganda, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Complementarity, Catalysts, Compliance by Christian M. De Vos

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Since its establishment at the turn of the century, a central preoccupation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has been to catalyse the pursuit of criminal accountability at the domestic level. Drawing on ten years of research, this book theorizes the ICC's principle of complementarity as a transnational site and adaptive strategy for realizing an array of ambitious governance goals. Through a grounded, inter-disciplinary approach, it illustrates how complementarity came to be framed as a "catalyst for compliance" and its unexpected effects on the legal frameworks and institutions of three different ICC "situation countries" in Africa: Uganda, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Linking complementarity's law and practice to contemporary debates in international law and relations, the book unsettles international law's dominant progressive narrative. It urges a critical rethinking of the ICC's politics and a reorientation towards international criminal justice as a project of global legal pluralism.

Author Biography

Christian De Vos is a senior advocacy officer with the Open Society Justice Initiative. He has worked as a human rights advocate, attorney, and researcher for organizations including Amnesty International, the United States Institute of Peace, the War Crimes Research Office, and Leiden University's Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies. He previously clerked for the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. He has published in a number of leading academic journals and was a coeditor of the volume Contested Justice: The Politics and Practice of International Criminal Court Interventions (with Sara Kendall and Carsten Stahn, 2015). A graduate of American University Washington College of Law (JD) and Leiden University (PhD), De Vos is a member of the New York Bar and was a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Release date NZ
March 31st, 2020
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Worked examples or Exercises
Cambridge University Press
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