Clinical inference shows how to integrate test data with behavioural observations and background information in order to capture the uniqueness of each individual subject and resolve the questions that led to the examination. Case examples illustrate how each step of the examination contributes to the conclusions. Subjects include those with learning disabilities, developmental problems, cultural differences, and family and emotional factors. Tests include the Wechsler, Stanford-Binet: 4th edition, Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Bender Gestalt, achievement tests, and curriculum-based assessment. Separate chapters offer both a rationale for the methods described and discussions on the effects of outside pressures on examiners. The text concludes with recommendations to persons involved with testing at all organizational levels for the improvement of testing practice.
Table of Contents
Levels of Interpretation. The Description of Test Behavior. The Influence of Contradiction Between Test Scores, and Test Behavior and Other Information, on Examination Conclusions: A Study. The Process of Clinical Inference. Individualized Test Interpretation: One More Test and Five More Cases. The Social, Organizational, and Political Context of Clinical Inference. Conclusions. Appendices. References. Notes. Indexes.