Human remains recovered from archaeological sites can help us interpret lifetime events such as disease, physiological stress, injury and violent death, physical activity, tooth use, diet and demographic history of once-living populations. This is the first comprehensive synthesis of the emerging field of bioarchaeology. A central theme is the interaction between biology and behaviour, underscoring the dynamic nature of skeletal and dental tissues, and the influences of environment and culture on human biological variation. It emphasises research results and their interpretation, covering palaeopathology, physiological stress, skeletal and dental growth and structure, the processes of aging and biodistance. It will be a unique resource for students and researchers interested in biological and physical anthropology or archaeology.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction; 2. Stress and deprivation during the years of growth and development and adulthood; 3. Exposure to infectious pathogens; 4. Injury and violent death; 5. Activity patterns: Part I. Articular and Muscular Modifications: 6. Activity patterns; Part II. Structural Adaptation: 7. Masticatory and nonmasticatory functions: craniofacial adaptations; 8. Isotopic and elemental signatures of diet and nutrition; 9. Historical dimensions of skeletal variation: tracking genetic relationships; 10. Changes and challenges in bioarchaeology; References; Index.