This book focuses on the practical aspects of coal-to-liquids (CTL) technology to produce transportation fuels and chemicals. Engineers in chemical, petrochemical and specialty chemical (pharmaceutical) industries will benefit from its superior coverage. This book presents a strong case - and the research required - for taking Fischer-Tropsch technology from the laboratory to commercial scale production of transportation fuels and chemicals. It discusses topics that have (to date) received minimal coverage, including the peculiarities inherent in coal-to-liquids (CTL) applications, which are considerably more involved than gas-to-liquids (GTL) applications of Fischer-Tropsch technology. It covers additional topics such as synthetic fuel blending, refining of syncrude, processing of coal and coal pyrolysis products, and reaction water purification.