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Antimicrobial Resistant Escherichia Coli and Sequence Type 131 in Urinary Tract Infections

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Antimicrobial Resistant Escherichia Coli and Sequence Type 131 in Urinary Tract Infections by Pui-Shan Chu
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This dissertation, "Antimicrobial Resistant Escherichia Coli and Sequence Type 131 in Urinary Tract Infections" by Pui-shan, Chu, 朱佩珊, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Background A pandemic clone, Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131), has been disseminated worldwide and represents an important cause of antimicrobial resistant infections. The spread of this resistant clone has become a great public health concern. Objectives The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of ST131 in Escherichia coli isolates from human urinary cultures in Hong Kong and study the antimicrobial phenotypes of ST131. Methodology This study included 340 E. coli clinical urinary isolates obtained from patients in four district hospitals between May 2013 and July 2013 in Hong Kong. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were assessed by disk diffusion method with reference to CLSI. The isolates were investigated by phylogroup-specific and ST131-specific PCR assays. ST131 strains were further assessed for subclone distribution, antimicrobial resistance and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) type. Results A total of 18.5% (63/340) of the E. coli population was identified as ST131. ST131 isolates were significantly more likely than non-ST131 isolates to be ciprofloxacin resistant (69.8%, 44/63 versus 31.0%, 86/277; P Conclusion This study showed that ST131 isolates were widespread among human E. coli urinary isolates in Hong Kong. The increase in antimicrobial resistance phenotypes are highlighted with ST131, especially the H30 subclone isolates. The dissemination of the ST131 resistant clonal group has aroused clinical attention and limited the choice of empirical treatment. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5303900 Subjects: Urinary tract infections - MicrobiologyDrug resistance in microorganisms
Release date NZ
January 27th, 2017
Author
Contributor
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Country of Publication
United States
Illustrations
colour illustrations
Imprint
Open Dissertation Press
Dimensions
216x279x7
ISBN-13
9781361350201
Product ID
26643740

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