Anandpur Sahib, the city of Bliss, is one of the important centres of Sikh religion. Founded by the ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur in AD 1664 the city became into prominence during the period of his son and successor the tenth Guru Gobind Singh. Situated in the picturesque lower spurs of the Shivalik mountain ranges on the left bank of river Sutlej, the holy city is dotted by a number of historical Gurdwaras. It was here that Guru Gobind Singh created the order of the KHALSA at Takhat Kesgarh, which is one of the five centres of Sikh temporal authority. Though famous as the birthplace of the KHALSA, Anandpur is also known for its festivals, the most important of them being Hola Mahalla when the Nihangs take out huge processions and display their martial arts amidst the sprinkling of colours and the beating of the drums. The festival attracts thousands of visitors from different parts of the country and worldwide. During the tercentenary of the creation of the KHALSA in 1999 over five million pilgrims from all over the world visited the holy city.