This substantial anthology comprises the most comprehensive and authoritative collection of readings in analytic philosophy of the twentieth century. It provides a survey and analysis of the key issues, figures and concepts. The volume is divided into seven sections: philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, free will and personal identity, ethics, and methodology. It includes the most familiar texts of the analytic tradition, as well as several others that are less often anthologized. Several articles are logically related to each other. For example, Moore's Four Forms of Skepticism, appears together with selections from Wittgenstein's On Certainty: Langford's discussion of the paradox of analysis and Moore's reply are both included: and Quine's Two Dogmas of Empiricism is paired with Grice and Strawson's In Defense of a Dogma. The distinctive selections and internal coherence make this anthology an invaluable guide for anyone interested in twentieth-century and analytic philosophy.
Table of Contents
Introduction.Part I: Philosophy of Language.1. On Sense and Reference. (Gottlob Frege)2. Thought. (Gottlob Frege)3. On Denoting. (Bertrand Russell)4. On Referring. (P. F. Strawson)5. Meaning. (H. P. Grice)6. Truth and Meaning. (Donald Davidson)7. Identity and Necessity. (Saul Kripke)8. Meaning and Reference. (Hilary Putnam)Further Reading in Philosophy of Language.Part II: Metaphysics.9. On the Relations of Universals and Particulars. (Bertrand Russell)10. From the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. (Ludwig Wittgenstein)11. Particular and General. (P. F. Strawson)12. On What There Is. (W. V. Quine)13. The Identity of Indiscernibles. (Max Black)Further Reading in Metaphysics.Part III: Epistemology.14. Four Forms of Skepticism. (G. E. Moore)15. From On Certainty. (Ludwig Wittgenstein)16. Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description. (Bertrand Russell)17. The Problem of the Criterion. (Roderick Chisholm)18. Is Knowledge Justified True Belief? (Edmund Gettier)19. Aspects of Scientific Explanation. (Carl Hempel)20. The New Riddle of Induction. (Nelson Goodman)21. Epistemology Naturalized. (W. V. Quine)Further Reading in Epistemology.Part IV: Philosophy of Mind.22. The Nature of Mind. (David Armstrong)23. The Nature of Mental States. (Hilary Putnam)24. Mental Events. (Donald Davidson)25. What is it Like to Be a Bat? (Thomas Nagel)26. Mad Pain and Martian Pain. (David Lewis)27. Can Computers Think? (John Searle)Further Reading in Philosophy of Mind.Part V: Freedom and Personal Identity.28. The Conceivability of Mechanism. (Norman Malcolm)29. Freedom and Resentment. (P. F. Strawson)30. Human Freedom and the Self. (Roderick Chisholm)31. The Self and the Future. (Bernard Williams)32. Action, Reasons, and Causes. (Donald Davidson)Further Reading in Freedom and Personal Identity.Part VI: Ethics.33. The Subject Matter of Ethics. (G. E. Moore)34. The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms. (C. L. Stevenson)35. Justice as Fairness. (John Rawls)36. Modern Moral Philosophy. (G. E. M. Anscombe)37. Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives. (Philippa Foot)Further Reading in Ethics.Part VII: Methodology.38. The Notion of Analysis in Moore's Philosophy. (C. H. Langford)39. Reply to Langford. (G. E. Moore)40. The Elimination of Metaphysics. (A. J. Ayer)41. Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology. (Rudolf Carnap)42. A Plea for Excuses. (J. L. Austin)43. Two Dogmas of Empiricism. (W. V. Quine)44. In Defense of a Dogma. (H. P. Grice and P. F. Strawson.45. Philosophy and the Scientific Image of Man. (Wilfrid Sellars)46. From The Blue and the Brown Books. (Ludwig Wittgenstein)Further Reading in Methodology.Index.
P. Martinich is Roy Allison Vaughan Centennial Professor of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin and the author or editor of ten books, most recently Hobbes: A Biography (1999) and The Philosophy of Language (fourth edition, 2001). He is Vice-President of the Board of Directors of the Journal of the History of Philosophy. David Sosa is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin.