Non-Fiction Books:

Aggression, the Crime of Crimes

Individual Criminal Liability for the Unlawful Use of Force

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Aggression, the Crime of Crimes by Cristina Villarino Villa

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This book offers a comprehensive study of the content and scope of individual criminal liability for aggression under international law, from the end of World War I to the 2010 Review Conference which, after entry into force, will see aggression come within the ICC's jurisdiction in 2017. It argues that, even under the new substantive provisions of the Rome Statute, the rules governing individual criminal liability for aggression remain imprecise in important respects. It demonstrates that ultimately it will be for the international criminal judge to draw the line between the unlawful and the criminal, thereby acting as much as an adjudicator as a legislator. The book reviews the historical evolution of the criminalization of the use of force from the Treaty of Versailles to the London Conference of 1945, before undertaking a comparative analysis of the jurisprudence on crimes against peace from the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals and allied occupations courts established under Control Council Law No. 10. It shows that the law as applied by post-war tribunals, generally viewed as authority for the customary content of the crime of aggression, was fragmentary and contradictory. It examines relevant legal developments after the establishment of the United Nations with a special focus on the negotiation process that culminated in the adoption of the "aggression amendments" by the Review Conference in Kampala, critically assessing its definition and content. Finally, the book explores the role of domestic jurisdictions in the prosecution and trial of individuals for the unlawful use of force, setting out the legal and political obstacles that beset the application of the principle of complementarity to this crime.

Author Biography

Cristina Villarino Villa is currently serving as a Legal Officer with the United Nations Operation in Cote dIvoire. Dr. Villarino Villa previously held the position of Associate Legal Officer at the International Court of Justice where she worked as a legal assistant for the Vice-President of the Court. Between November 2008 and May 2010, she served as Associate Protection Officer with the Division of International Protection at UNHCR in Geneva. She holds a Ph. D in public international law from the European University Institute, a Masters in Laws (LL. M) from Yale Law School, and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) from the University of Barcelona. Dr Villarino Villa was a member of the Spanish diplomatic delegation to the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court in 2002 and to the 2nd and 3rd Assemblies of States Parties to the Rome Statute in 2003. Assemblies of States Parties to the Rome Statute in 2003.
Release date NZ
July 1st, 2020
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Oxford University Press
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