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Balanced Introduction to Computer Science

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Balanced Introduction to Computer Science

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A Balanced Introduction to Computer Science by David Reed
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Description

For Introduction to Computing and the Web courses in departments of Math and Computer Science. This thoughtfully written text uses the Internet as a central theme, studying its history, technology, and current use. Experimental problems use Web-based tools, enabling students to learn programming fundamentals by developing their own interactive Web pages with HTML and JavaScript. Integrating breadth-based and depth-based chapters, Reed covers a broad range of topics balanced with programming depth in a hands-on, tutorial style. Supplements Include: * Power Point Lecture Slides* Figures* Labs* Solutions Bridge Page: www.prenhall.com/reed Author Website: www.dave-reed.com/book

Table of Contents

0. Introduction and Overview Balancing Breadth and Depth Text Goals Text Features Changes in the 2nd Edition Advice for the Student Advice for the Instructor Acknowledgements 1. Computer Basics What is a Computer? Hardware Central Processing Unit (CPU) Memory Input/Output Devices (I/O) Software Operating Systems Internet and the Web Web Browsers and Servers Web Addresses Accessing Local Pages Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References 2. HTML and Web Pages HTML Basics HTML Tags HTML Elements Document Formatting Text Spacing Headings and Alignment Font Formatting Hypertext and Multimedia Hyperlinks Images Lists Formatting Lists Tables Table Borders Table Alignment Making Pages Accessible Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 3. The Internet and the World Wide Web History of the Internet ARPANet Growth and Privatization How the Internet Works Distributed Network Packet-Switching Internet Protocols: TCP/IP Domain Names History of the Web Hypertext and the Web The Web Goes Mainstream Web Growth How the Web Works HTML Web Protocol: HTTP Caching Chapter Summary Review Questions References Endnotes 4. JavaScript and Dynamic Web Pages Dynamic Web Pages Interaction via Assignments and Write Statements Formatting Output JavaScript Variables Variables and Memory Cells Interactive Pages Localizing Changes with Variables Example: Interactive Stories Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 5. JavaScript Numbers and Expressions Data Types and Operators Variables and Expressions Number Representation Evaluating Mixed Expressions Prompting for Numbers Predefined JavaScript Functions Raising Numbers to a Power Generating Random Numbers Programming Errors and Debugging Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 6. The History of Computers Generation 0: Mechanical Computers (1642-1945) Programmable Devices Electromagnetic Relays Generation 1: Vacuum Tubes (1945-1954) Computing and World War II The von Neumann Architecture Generation 2: Transistors (1954-1963) High-Level Programming Languages Generation 3: Integrated Circuits (1963-1973) Large-Scale Integration Computing for Businesses Generation 4: VLSI (1973-1985) The Personal Computer Revolution Generation 5: Parallel Processing and Networking (1985-????) Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References Endnotes 7. Event-Driven Pages Initiating Actions via Buttons Input/Output via Text Boxes Text Boxes for Displaying Output Text Boxes for Accessing Input Text Boxes for Handling Both Input and Output Input/Output via Text Areas Dynamic Images Simplifying Buttons with Functions Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 8. Algorithms and Programming Languages Algorithms Algorithms in the Real World Designing and Analyzing Algorithms An Alternative Algorithm Algorithm Analysis Big Oh Notation Algorithm Example: Searching a List Sequential Search Binary Search Algorithm Analysis Algorithm Example: Approximating a Square Root Algorithm Analysis Algorithms and Programming Machine Languages High-Level Languages Program Translation Interpreters and Compilers Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References 9. Abstraction and User-Defined Functions The Structure of Functions Functions with Inputs Multiple Inputs Parameters as Local Variables Functions that Return Values The random.js Library Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 10. Computer Science as a Discipline Computer "Science" Artificial Science Computer Science Themes Hardware Software Theory Subfields of Computer Science Algorithms and Data Structures Architecture Operating Systems and Networks Software Engineering Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Bioinformatics The Ethics of Computing Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References 11. Conditional Execution If Statements Boolean Tests Nested If Statements Cascading If-else Statements Example: Counting Dice Rolls Counters Boolean Expressions Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 12. Data Representation Analog v. Digital Binary Numbers Representing Integers Representing Real Numbers Representing Characters and Strings Representing Other Types of Data Sound Images How Computers Distinguish among Data Types Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References 13. Conditional Repetition While Loops Counter-driven Loops Variables and Repetition Example: Generating Hailstone Sequences Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 14. Inside the Computer -- The von Neumann Architecture CPU Subunits and Datapath CPU Subunits CPU Datapath Cycles Datapath Simulator CPU and Main Memory Transferring Data to and from Main Memory Datapath with Memory Simulator Stored-Program Computer Machine Languages Control Unit Stored-Program Computer Simulator The Role of Input/Output Devices Machine vs. Assembly Languages Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References 15. JavaScript Strings Strings as Objects Properties and Methods Common String Manipulation Methods String Concatenation Searching Strings General Searches String Manipulations and Repetition Example: Recognizing Palindromes Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 16. Inside the Computer -- Transistors and Integrated Circuits Electricity and Switches Electricity Basics Switches Transistors Transistors as Switches From Transistors to Gates Circuits Gates and Binary Logic From Gates to Complex Circuits Circuits Example: Designing Memory Circuitry From Circuits to Microchips The Integrated Circuit Manufacturing Integrated Circuits Packaging Microchips Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Review Questions References 17. JavaScript Arrays Arrays as Objects Accessing Items in an Array Assigning Items in an Array From Strings to Arrays The split Method for Strings Example: Generating Acronyms Arrays of Numbers Example: Maintaining Dice Statistics using an Array Approach 1: Separate Counters Approach 2: An Array of Counters Looking Ahead! Chapter Summary Supplemental Material and Exercises 18. Computers and Society Positive Impact of Technology Computers and Programs for Everyday Tasks The Internet and Web as Information Sources The Internet and Web as Communication Media The Internet and Web for Commerce Potential Dangers of Technology Reliance on Complex Systems Information Overload Privacy and Security The Digital Divide Looking Beyond! Chapter Summary Review Questions References APPENDIX A: Browser Basics APPENDIX B: Common Text Editors APPENDIX C: HTML Reference APPENDIX D: JavaScript Reference APPENDIX E: random.js Library

Author Biography

David Reed is an Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Computer Science at Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from Duke University in 1992, and subsequently taught and conducted research at Duke University and Dickinson College before joining the Creighton faculty in 2000. His primary interests are in artificial intelligence, programming languages, and computer science education, where he has published extensively on topics such as apprentice-based learning, Web-based programming, and innovative instructional methods in introductory computer science. He is a member of the Liberal Arts Computer Science Consortium and the Chief Reader for the Advanced Placement(R) Computer Science Exam since 2004.
Release date NZ
October 5th, 2007
Author
Country of Publication
United States
Edition
2nd Revised edition
Illustrations
Illustrations
Imprint
Prentice Hall
Pages
408
Dimensions
206x253x20
ISBN-13
9780136017226
Product ID
2059139

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